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which dental handpiece is best

by:Golden Promise     2024-05-12

Dental handpieces are essential tools for every dentist. They come in different types, sizes, and shapes, but the most important thing is that they are designed to deliver precise and efficient dental procedures. However, choosing the best dental handpiece can be a daunting task, especially with the numerous options available in the market. In this article, we will explore the different types of dental handpieces and help you choose the best one for your needs.

1. Understanding the Dental Handpiece

A dental handpiece is a handheld instrument that is used to perform various dental procedures, such as drilling, polishing, grinding, and filling. It is powered by either air, electricity, or a combination of both. The handpiece is composed of a motor, a transmission system, a chuck, and a bur. The motor is responsible for powering the bur, while the transmission system transfers the power from the motor to the bur. The chuck holds the bur securely in place, while the bur is the actual cutting or grinding tool.

2. Types of Dental Handpieces

There are two main types of dental handpieces C high-speed and low-speed handpieces. High-speed handpieces are used for cutting and shaping teeth, while low-speed handpieces are used for polishing and finishing procedures. High-speed handpieces are further classified into two types C air-driven and electric. Air-driven handpieces are powered by compressed air, while electric handpieces are powered by electricity.

3. Air-Driven Handpieces

Air-driven handpieces are the most common type of dental handpiece. They are lightweight, easy to use, and affordable. Air-driven handpieces are designed to be powered by compressed air from an air compressor. They are relatively quieter than electric handpieces and have a higher torque compared to their electric counterparts. The downside of air-driven handpieces is that they require frequent maintenance, and the compressed air can cause hand fatigue.

4. Electric Handpieces

Electric handpieces are gaining popularity in the dental industry due to their precision and efficiency. They are powered by electricity, and the motor is located in the handpiece itself. Electric handpieces have a slower speed compared to air-driven handpieces, but they offer more control and consistency. They also require less maintenance and have a longer lifespan compared to air-driven handpieces.

5. Choosing the Best Dental Handpiece

Choosing the best dental handpiece depends on your personal preferences and your specific needs. For instance, if you perform a lot of cutting procedures, then a high-speed air-driven handpiece may be the best option for you. On the other hand, if you perform a lot of polishing procedures, then a low-speed electric handpiece may be the best option for you.

Other factors to consider when choosing a dental handpiece include the size and weight of the handpiece, the type of bur it can hold, the noise level, and the maintenance required. It is also important to ensure that the handpiece is compatible with your dental unit.


In conclusion, choosing the best dental handpiece is essential for every dentist. With the various options available in the market, it is important to understand the different types of handpieces and their features. Factors to consider when choosing a dental handpiece include the type of procedures you perform, the size and weight of the handpiece, the type of bur it can hold, the noise level, and the maintenance required. Ultimately, the best dental handpiece is one that fits your personal preferences and meets your specific needs.

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