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Dental crowns are necessary to repair a damaged or decayed tooth that cannot be restored with just a filling. They help to improve the functionality and aesthetics of a tooth and prevent it from further damage. But with so many materials used to make dental crowns, it can be daunting to choose one thats appropriate for you. In this article, well discuss the best dental crown material available by highlighting their strengths and weaknesses.
1. Introduction to Dental Crown Material
Dental crowns come in many different types of materials. Your dentist can advise you on which type of dental crown is best for your situation. The most common types of dental crown materials are:
- Porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM)
- Composite Resin
2. Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM)
PFM crowns are one of the most requested types of dental crowns. They are reliable, durable, and aesthetically pleasing. The crown consists of a metal base thats covered with porcelain to give it a natural tooth color. PFM crowns are appropriate for both front and back teeth and are typically less expensive than all-ceramic crowns. However, they tend to be less natural-looking because the metal underneath can show through, especially at the gumline.
All-ceramic crowns can mimic the appearance of natural teeth the best because they dont have a metal base. Theyre translucent and reflect light just like your natural teeth. Ceramic crowns are becoming increasingly popular because theyre less likely to irritate gum tissues than PFM crowns, and also because theyre strong and durable. Theyre perfect for front teeth or visible parts of your smile. Theyre a bit more expensive than PFM crowns and are not recommended if you have a history of grinding your teeth.
Gold crowns are surprisingly one of the best types of dental crowns. Apart from their unique, attractive appearance, they have a long lifespan, which can go over 20 years if you care for them right. Gold is also incredibly biocompatible, making it a great choice for people with metal allergies. Gold is also the most durable material for dental crowns, which is why its typically recommended for back teeth that take on more stress and pressure when chewing.
Zirconia crowns are made from a type of metal that is similar to titanium. Theyre highly preferred over other types of crowns because of their impressive strength and durability, making them perfect for back teeth, as well. Theyre unique and have a natural appearance, and theyre also more affordable than all-ceramic crowns.
6. Composite Resin
Composite resin crowns are less costly than most of the other types of crowns, and theyre relatively easy to make. They may look quite natural, but their downside is that they dont last as long as other crown materials. Also, the resin material is less durable and chip easily.
In conclusion, choosing the right dental crown material depends on several factors, including the location of the tooth, the health status of the tooth and gums, your budget, and personal preference. Your dentist can advise you on which dental crown would be most suitable for your situation. Regardless of the type of material you choose for your crown, remember to continue good oral hygiene, so the crown lasts as long as possible.
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