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how to oil dental handpieces

by:Golden Promise     2023-06-01

Dental handpieces are one of the most essential tools in any dentist's arsenal. These handpieces are used for various procedures such as tooth preparation, decay removal and polishing. Just like any other machine, dental handpieces also require regular maintenance and servicing to ensure they function efficiently. One of the most important aspects of dental handpiece maintenance is oiling. In this article, we will talk about how to oil dental handpieces and why it's important.

Why Is Oiling Your Dental Handpiece Important?

The dental handpiece has several moving parts that are used at high speeds. Over time, these parts can wear out, and the handpiece's efficiency can decrease. Oiling your dental handpiece regularly not only prolongs its life but also ensures that all its moving parts are functioning smoothly. Here are some reasons why you should oil your dental handpiece regularly.

1. Decreases Friction - Oiling your dental handpiece reduces friction between the moving parts, which decreases the amount of wear and tear on the handpiece.

2. Prevents Rust - Dental handpieces are made of metal that is prone to rusting. Oiling your handpiece forms a layer on the metal surface that prevents rust.

3. Increases Longevity - Regular oiling of a dental handpiece increases its lifespan, as all its moving parts are kept lubricated.

4. Maintains Performance - Oiling the dental handpiece regularly maintains its performance, ensuring that it runs smoothly and efficiently during dental procedures.

How To Oil Your Dental Handpiece?

Oiling a dental handpiece might seem daunting, but it's a simple process that can be done in a few easy steps. Here's how you can oil your dental handpiece.

Step 1: Clean the Handpiece

Before oiling your dental handpiece, it's essential to remove all debris and contaminants from the handpiece's head. A dirty handpiece can result in inadequate lubrication, affecting the handpiece's performance. Ensure that the handpiece is free from any visible debris before oiling.

Step 2: Insert the Oil

The next step is to insert the oil into the handpiece. Most dental handpieces come with a designated oil port. Locate the port and insert the oil. Use the oil recommended by the manufacturer or a quality handpiece oil.

Step 3: Run the Handpiece

After inserting the oil, run the handpiece for a few seconds. This ensures that the oil spreads evenly and lubricates all the moving parts of the handpiece.

Step 4: Clean the Excess Oil

Once the handpiece has been oiled, wipe off any excess oil using a clean cloth. A handpiece that is too oily can attract debris, resulting in inadequate lubrication and affecting the handpiece's performance.

Step 5: Autoclave the Handpiece

Finally, autoclave the handpiece to ensure that it is sterilized before and after every use. This also helps in removing any excess oil from the handpiece.


Oiling your dental handpiece regularly is a simple process that can greatly impact your handpiece's longevity and performance. By following the above steps and oiling your handpiece every day, you can ensure that it runs smoothly during dental procedures. Additionally, regular maintenance of your dental handpiece, including daily cleaning, can increase its lifespan and save you money in the long run. Remember to use quality handpiece oil, and if in doubt, consult the manufacturer's instructions.

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